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Tilting and Shifting Q& A

   Q: Why does the photo of gareth have background clarity while the photo of Galen focuses in on the kayaker? Sorry for the novice question. just curious. 

   A: The short answer is that the focus is wedge shaped in both images and quite similar, but the lack of foreground/background depth in the shot of Galen hide the effect. Each image is using tilt to apply the Scheimpflug principle, although the image of Gareth has less tilt so the focus area is not as pronounced.  If you look at the image of Galen, the focus on the right extends from the near object at the bottom of the frame to the rocks behind Galen. If the object behind Galen was a hundred feet away it would still be in focus too, just like the canyon in front of Gareth.

Gareth Tate

Nikon D700, Carl Zeiss Jena 80mm f/2.8 + pentacon six to nikon tilt adapter. 1/1000 f/8 ISO 200

Galen Licht

Nikon D700, Arsat 35mm f/2.8 Tilt Shift @ 1/1000 f/8 ISO 200